Check back often ~ this page is updated whenever the Counseling Center receives information about enrichment programs and activities that may be of interest to our students.
Emperor Science Award ~ The Emperor Science Award program is committed to helping all students that have a passion for science join the next generation of cancer researchers. Through this award program, 100 winning students from across the country will be paired with a university-level mentoring scientist to collaborate on an important cancer research project. Whether virtually, or in a lab, students will be able to connect with their mentors to develop valuable research, organization and communication skills! 10th and 11th grade students from all backgrounds are encouraged to apply. For information visit http://www.emperorscienceaward.com.
Fireside Catholic Publishing Essay Contest ~ Fireside Catholic Publishing is asking high school seniors who put their faith into action each day to enter their 2017 essay contest. Students should write a 750-word essay on the topic "How is your religious education influencing your life? The five winning essay authors will each receive $1,000 cash awards. Essays and application forms must be postmarked no later than December 12, 2016. For information visit email@example.com.
The Hamilton Award and the Hamilton Leaders Academy ~ Winners of the Hamilton Award are automatically enrolled in the Hamilton Leaders Academy, where they join a distinguished cohort of peers from across the U.S. The Hamilton Leaders Academy is a no student cost program that helps students get into college, transition to college, succeed while in college and transition to the post college world.Visit their website at www.hamiltonfriends.org/awards.php for more information.
Nancy Thorpe Poetry Contest ~ Hollins University is calling for entries from young women who are sophomores or juniors in high school for their 53rd annual poetry contest. The winning entrant will receive free tuition and housing at Hollinsummer creative writing program, a $200 cash prize and publication in Cargoes, Hollins' award-winning literary magazine. Entries must be submitted online at www.hollins.edu/poetry-contest by October 31.
Pirates Pitch ~ Seton Hall University, one of the nation's leading Catholic universities, is offering high school students the opportunity to share innovative business ideas and win prizes with their Pirates Pitch competition. To enter submit an original business idea, in 350 words or less, describing an innovative product or service you would like to create or have already created. The first place winner will receive $2,500 plus a $10,000 scholarship to Seton Hall. The second place winner will receive $1,000 plus a $6,000 scholarship. All other finalists will receive a $4,000 scholarship. Enter at www.shu.edu/go/HSPitch by Tuesday, October 18 at midnight.
Princeton Prize in Race Relations ~ This award recognizes high school students who are helping to improve race relations in their schools or communities. Winners, selected from 27 regions across the U.S., receive $1,000 and an all-expense paid trip to Princeton University to attend their symposium on race. For information or to apply visit www.princeton.edu/pprize. The deadline is January 31.
Prudential Spirit of Community Awards Program ~ The Prudential Spirit of Community awards were created in 1995 to recognize students who have made meaningful contributions to their communities through volunteer services. They are awarded annually on the local, state and national level. Interested students should visit their website at http://spirit.prudential.com
or www.nassp.org/spirit. Applications are due online by November 8, and should be submitted to Dr. Van der Waag as well.
Scholastic Art and Writing Awards ~ Established in 1923 by Scholastic Inc. founder Maurice R. Robinson, the Scholastic Awards have grown to become the nation's highest honor and largest source of scholarships for creative students. Submitted artwork and writing are recognized at the regional level and move on to the national competition, where nearly 2,600 works in 29 categories of art and writing receive National Medals and scholarship prizes. For information on how to enter visit artandwriting.org.
SunTrust Off to College Sweepstakes ~ Students are invited to enter each month, beginning September 12, for the chance to win a $500 scholarship. No minimum GPA or financial need is required. Two scholarship winners will be randomly chosen from all entries for each drawing period. The first drawing will be held October 28 and the final drawing is May 12. Visit suntrusteducation.com/scholarshipsweepstakes for details and to enter.
QuestBridge College Prep Program ~ This program provides more than 1,500 awards that give outstanding low-income high school juniors the knowledge they need to compete for admission to leading colleges. The program provides a variety of opportunities for highly qualified students such as full scholarships to summer programs at leading colleges and universities, college admission counseling, invitations to QuestBridge College Admissions Conferences, all expense paid visits to college campuses, college application advice via telementoring, and an opportunity to win a Quest for Excellence Award. High school juniors with a strong academic record and an annual family income of less than $60,000 are encouraged to apply. For more information visit http://www.questbridge.org.
Verizon Innovative Learning App Challenge ~ The Verizon Foundation is holding their 5th annual Innovative Learning app challenge, open to middle and high school aged students across the country. Students, working in teams of 5-7 with an adult advisor, are challenged to identify a problem in their community, develop a solution using an app, and submit the concept. The winning competitors will receive $20,000 for their nonprofit group/club program, mobile tablets for every team member and in-person coding training from MIT experts. The submission deadline is November 18th. For information visit www.appchallenge.tsaweb.org.
Wendy's High School Heisman ~ Student-athletes in the Class of 2017 with a GPA of 3.0 or higher who are role models and leaders are encouraged to apply to the Wendy's High School Heisman program. One male and one female student-athlete from each participating high school will be chosen to compete at the state, regional and national level. Prizes are awarded at each level and range from Wendy's gift cards, to patches and medals, to $10,000 scholarships for the national winners. Eligible student-athletes may apply at WintheWendysHeisman.com.
Columbia University Science and Engineering Master Class ~ The Office of Undergraduate Admissions at Columbia University invites students interested in engineering and science to take part in this science and engineering master class on Saturday, September 17 at 10:00 a.m. Participants will have the opportunity to learn from former astronaut Michael Massimino, a Columbia alumnus and current professor in mechanical engineering. The event will be held in the theater at the Maret School in Washington, DC. Registration begins at 9:30 a.m. For information visit their website at www.columbia.edu.
Future Achievers in Science & Technology (FAST) ~ Harvey Mudd College in Claremont, California is hosting their 9th annual FAST program from September 29 to October 1 and November 10-12. This program offers high school seniors from populations traditionally underrepresented in STEM, including women, minorities, first generation to college, and students from rural or disadvantaged backgrounds, an opportunity to experience Harvey Mudd College. To learn more about this free program, visit www.hmc.edu/fast.
Perry Outreach Program ~ This is a free, one-day, hands-on experience for women in grades 10 and up who are interested in pursuing careers in medicine and engineering. Students will hear from women leaders in these fields and try it for themselves by performing mock orthopedic surgeries and biomechanics experiments. Several events are scheduled in our area including September 10 at the University of Delaware, October 8 at Johns Hopkins University and October 15 at Virginia Commonwealth University. For information or to apply visit www.perryinitiative.org.
Sewanee Young Writers' Conference ~ The Young Writers' Conference at Sewanee, the University of the South, is just the place for aspiring authors, poets and playwrights. For 23 years the conference, ranked as one of the top five such programs in the country, has played host to young writers ready to polish and perfect their literary work. The session runs from July 2-15 and is open to rising 10th-12th grade writers. For information visit admission.sewanee.edu.Washington Journalism and Media Conference (WJMC) ~ Current 10th and 11th grade students may apply for this week-long residential conference, sponsored by George Mason University. Two sessions, July 9-14 and July 16-21, will be offered. Students will be placed in real-world experiences with media professionals at the National Press Club, the Newseum, and the U.S. Capitol. Past speakers include Hoda Kotb of the Today Show, Chuck Todd, moderator of Meet the Press, Pulitzer Prize winning photojournalist Carol Guzy and Susan Goldberg, editor in chief of National Geographic. For information visit www.wjmc.gmu.edu.
Washington Youth Summit on the Environment (WYSE) ~ Current 10th and 11th grade students may apply for this week-long residential conference, sponsored by George Mason University, which will be held on their campus from June 25-30. Students will participate in lively panel discussions and exclusive site visits to the National Geographic Society and the National Zoo. Past speakers have included the U.S. Assistant Secretary of Energy, EPA administrators, and the director of the U.S. Geological Survey. For information visit www.wyse.gmu.edu.
Youth Law Fair 2017 ~ Registration for the 18th annual Youth Law Fair, sponsored by the D.C. Superior Court and the Litigation Section of the D.C. Bar, is now open. The fair includes mock trials, speak out sessions, tours of courtrooms, judge's chambers and holding cells, exhibits, a catered lunch and door prizes. This year's theme is OMG, I thought I deleted this! focusing on social media profiles, pictures and information permanence. The event will take place on Saturday, March 18 from 9:30 a.m. until 2:30 p.m. at the H. Carl Moultrie Courthouse in Washington, D.C. For information visit firstname.lastname@example.org.
AgDiscovery 2017 ~ This summer outreach program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), offers interested students the opportunity to explore careers in plant and animal science, wildlife management, agribusiness and more. Participants spend two to four weeks on one of a variety of participating college campuses, including Coppin State, University of Maryland College Park, University of Maryland Eastern Shore, and Virginia State University. Tuition, room and board, lab supplies, meals and activity fees are all covered by the program. Dates vary depending on the host college. For information visit www.aphis.usda.gov/agdiscovery. The application deadline is March 1.
Army Educational Outreach Program (AEOP) has several high school apprenticeships (HSAP, REAP, SEAP) that are now open for enrollment. See detailed descriptions below. Spaces are limited; prospective participants are encouraged to apply early.
The High School Apprenticeship Program (HSAP) targets juniors and seniors who have never had the opportunity to experience research in a real-world college or university laboratory setting. This program serves as an introduction to scientific research. Apply through AEOP at www.usaeop.com ~
the application deadline is February 28, 2017.
Research and Engineering Apprenticeship Program (REAP) This program is aimed toward students in underserved and underrepresented populations, including females, students who may receive a free or reduced lunch, or ethnic groups such as Hispanics or African Americans. Apply through AEOP at www.usaeop.com ~ the application deadline is February 28, 2017.
Science and Engineering Apprenticeship Program (SEAP) is a program that matches practicing Department of Defense scientists with talented high school students creating a direct mentor-student relationship that provides students with training that is unparalleled at most high schools. Apply through AEOP at www.usaeop.com ~ the application deadline is February 28, 2017.Smithsonian Institute ~ The Smithsonian's Office of Fellowships & Internships offers students the opportunity to advance their education and career through the myriad internship opportunities offered at the world's preeminent museum system. For information visit www.smithsonianofi.com.
Smithsonian Latino Center's Youth Ambassadors Program ~ Graduating seniors with a commitment to the arts, sciences or humanities as they pertain to Latino communities are encouraged to apply for this week-long, all expenses paid training and leadership seminar and a 4-week internship with a $2,000 stipend. Participants will be able to explore various career paths, embrace their cultural heritage and gain practical and leadership skills and educational growth. The seminar takes place in Washington, DC with internships available in 17 cities across the U.S. and Puerto Rico. For information visit latino.si.edu/education/yap.
Washington National Opera's Young Associates Program ~ WNO Young Associates get an up close and personal look at how a world class opera company creates a professional production. The program is open to high school students who are interested in performing, designing sets, costumes, or lighting, or working behind the scenes through public relations, marketing, etc. The 2016-17 program focuses on rehearsal observations of The Daughter of the Regiment; applicants must agree to attend all invents, which take place on weekends and one evening. The application deadline is October 5. For information visit kennedy-center.org/wnoyoungassociates, telephone 202-416-8846 or email email@example.com
ASCEND ~ The Upsilon Tau Omega Chapter of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. is launching ASCEND, a youth enrichment program designed to motivate, engage and assist high school students in reaching their maximum potential. The program will focus on achievement, self-awareness, communication, engagement, networking, and developmental skills during mandatory monthly sessions, held one Saturday each month, from 9 a.m. to noon, from February through June. There is a $25 fee. For information e-mail Education_enrichment@akaupsilontauomega.org.
Boys State Program ~ The American Legion has announced that the Maryland Boys State Program will be held from June 18-24 at McDaniel College in Westminster. The program's aim is to expose current high school juniors to the United States Constitutional form of government, emphasizing the need for active citizen participation to ensure our rights and freedoms. The weeks highlights include a session in the Maryland House of Delegates' chamber at the state capitol in Annapolis, political simulations, and city, state and national elections where two young men will be elected to represent Maryland at Boys Nation. Boys who attend may also apply for the Samsung Scholarship grant (https://www.legion.org/scholarships/samsung), which awarded $1,100 to last year's state winner. The national winner may receive up to $20,000. To apply for the Boys State program visit http://mdlegion.org/boysstate/. The deadline for applications is April 15. See your guidance counselor if you have questions.
Youth Leadership Bowie ~ This unique program consists of one Saturday retreat and seven monthly day-long activities. It is designed to expose young people to the myriad of potential career opportunities available to them. Leadership opportunities, both experiential and observational, will be of paramount importance. Problem solving skills will be developed and refined as participants plan and produce a program that addresses a community need. Applicants must be rising sophomores or juniors and they must live in Bowie. For more information or an application e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
University of Notre Dame Leadership Seminars ~ a 10-day all expenses paid program for advanced students who wish to hone their critical thinking and expressive skills in the company of dynamic peers. For rising high school seniors only. For information visit precollege.nd.edu.
University of Pittsburgh's The Bridge: College Prep and Leadership Academy ~ The Bridge helps rising high school juniors and seniors prepare for their future. Participants will spend a week on campus working with Pitt's Student Affairs staff and current student leaders, learning how to be a better leader, exploring the ins and outs of the college application process, and preparing for the SAT and ACT. To register visit www.thebridge.pitt.edu.
Abbey Road Programs ~ Abbey Road offers students summer cultural immersion programs in Spain, France and Italy as well as academic tours of Europe that highlight the history of western civilization and the foundations of modern civilization. For information visit www.goabbeyroad.com or phone 888-462-2239.
Adelphi University Pre-College Program ~ Experience life as a college student while pursuing credit-bearing and noncredit courses in nursing, computer programming, psychology, the arts, science, robotics and technology, law and digital filmmaking. For information call 516-877-3046 or visit precollege.adelphi.edu.
University of Alabama Early College ~ The University of Alabama is accepting applications from current 10th-12th grade students with a 3.0+ GPA to their UA Early College program. Students may earn 6-14 college credits, depending on the courses taken, while they live on campus with peer coaches and staff. Interested students should visit their guidance counselor for information.
American Collegiate Adventures ~ ACA offers a variety of programs, ranging from one to six weeks in length, both in the United States and abroad. Pre-college programs in the United States are hosted at the University of Wisconsin in Madison and George Washington University in the District of Columbia. The study abroad programs will travel to England, Spain, France and Italy. ACA also offers a College Advantage program designed to improve SAT and ACT test scores while giving students personalized college advising sessions. This program is offered at four different locations: Pac-12 @ Los Angeles, Big 10 @ Chicago, Ivy League @ New York and Ivy League @ Boston. For information visit www.acasummer.com.
American University's School of Communication Summer 2017 ~ This program offers students an opportunity to explore the field of communications, including scriptwriting, filmmaking. photography, broadcasting, journalism and creative writing. Sessions can be either two or four weeks and students may live on campus or commute. For information visit audiscover.org.
Babson College Summer Study ~ This month-long, residential summer program is designed for high-achieving high school students who wish to experience college life while gaining real-world business experience. Rising juniors and seniors are invited to apply for the program, which will be held July 6-August 4. For information visit www.babson.edu/summerstudy.
Barnard College Pre-College Programs ~ Barnard College offers a variety of summer programs for current 10th and 11th grade girls interested in a pre-college experience in New York City. Programs include Summer in the City, the Liberal Arts Intensive, Young Women's Leadership Institute, Dance in the City, Summer Science Seminars, and Entrepreneurs-in-Training. Length and cost vary by program. For information visit www.barnard.edu/summer.
Boston University Pre-College Programs ~ BU offers six different summer opportunities for interested students: their academic immersion program, research in science & engineering, their summer challenge, their summer preview, and a residential or online high school honors program. To learn more phone 617-353-1378 or visit bu.edu/summer/highschool.
Catalyst Academy at Cornell University ~ This one-week residential program is looking for rising high school juniors and seniors from underrepresented backgrounds who want to explore engineering in an interactive environment. The Academy will be held July 16-22 and the application deadline is March 15. For information visit www.sites.coecis.cornell.edu/catalystacademy.
Congress-Bundestag Youth Exchange Program (CBYX) ~ This U.S. Department of State program offers merit-based scholarships for a year-long study abroad program in Germany. The program was established in 1983 to celebrate German-American friendship based on common values of democracy. Students live with host families, attend local high schools, and participate in community life in Germany. The application deadline depends on the applicant's state of residence. For information visit www.usagermanyscholarship.org.
Curie Academy at Cornell University ~ This one-week residential program is looking for female high school students who excel in math and science and want to explore engineering. Aimed at rising juniors and seniors, the Curie Academy will be held July 16-22 and the application deadline is March 15. For information visit www.sites.coecis.cornell.edu/curieacademy.Embody Theological Institute at Saint Mary's College ~ Saint Mary's College in Notre Dame, Indiana is offering Embody, a one-week program that combines rigorous theological reflection with interactive sessions that enable young women to connect what they are learning with their lives. They will explore the themes of beauty, justice and faith throughout the week. The program will be held from July 9-14 at a cost of just $180. The application deadline is April 15. For information visit saintmary's.edu/embody.
Experience Christendom Summer Program (ECSP) ~ ECSP offers rising high school seniors the opportunity to gain an appreciation for the liberal arts and Catholic culture while living on Christendom's campus in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. Students take a variety of liberal arts classes in the morning, then enjoy recreational and social activities in the afternoon. ECSP offers six weekly sessions and the $500 cost includes reading packets, food, lodging, classes and activities. For information visit christendom.edu/experience.
Experiment in International Living ~ provides high school students with summer abroad programs designed to increase their cultural skills, language skills and awareness of critical global issues. Programs are available in Europe, the Americas, Africa, North Africa, the Middle East, Asia and the Pacific. For information visit experiment.org.
Furman University Summer Scholars ~ Rising high school juniors and seniors are invited to live on campus, participate in classes led by some of Furman's favorite professors, and get a taste of college life. The university offers two sessions, July 9-15 and July 16-22. The cost per week is $1,200 and the application deadline is May 1. For information visit furman.edu/summerscholars.
George Washington University Pre-College 2017 ~ GW offers several pre-college summer programs, including a three or six-week for credit college intensive and three different noncredit summer immersion sessions. Areas of study include arts, business, communications, government & politics, and STEM. For information visit precollege.gwu.edu.
Gettysburg College Academic Camps ~ Gettysburg College is excited to offer several camps for high school juniors and seniors, including Camp Psych, Campaigns and Elections Academy, Writing Camp, 3D Object Modeling and Printing Camp, Arduino Camp and Civil War Institute Summer Conference. For more information visit their website at http://www.gettysburg.edu.
High School Diplomats Program ~ This cultural enrichment experience brings together sophomore and junior high school students from Japan and the United States to learn about each other's country, culture and life. Approximately 40 students will be chosen to spend 10 days at Princeton University, where they will do a variety of academic and social activities as they live, learn and socialize together. Students who participate may apply for a full scholarship to travel to Japan for 21 days in the summer. For information visit www.highschooldiplomats.com.
Johns Hopkins University Summer Programs ~ Rising high school juniors and seniors are invited to take part in one of Johns Hopkins' selective academic programs. Students will take classes at one of America's most prestigious universities and get a taste of life on campus. A variety of different programs and courses are available. For information visit www.jhu.edu/summer.
Kennedy-Lugar Youth Exchange and Study Abroad Program (YES) ~ This U.S. Department of State program offers merit-based scholarships for year-long study abroad programs for high school and gap-year students. Countries may include Bosnia & Herzegovina, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Macedonia, Malaysia, Morocco, Phillippines, Senegal, Thailand, and Turkey. The program is designed to increase understanding between people in the United States and people in countries with significant Muslim populations. Students live with host families, attend local high schools, do community service, and complete a capstone project. Visit www.yes-abroad.org for more information.
Marist College Summer Pre-College Program ~ Marist College offers two summer programs at their Poughkeepsie, New York campus, the first from June 25-July 8 and the second from July 9-July 22. They also offer a session in Florence, Italy from July 9-22. Students may earn three college credits for a single session, or six credits if they choose to take two sessions. The cost ranges from $3,300 to $6,935 depending on the session(s) chosen. For information visit www.marist.edu/precollege.
Metro Warriors STEM Open House ~ Plan to attend Metro Warriors Open House on August 14 to learn about their year-round program, which offers science, technology, engineering and mathematics learning through project-based programs designed with mentoring, competition and coaching components. Their mission is to expose underrepresented youth, ages 6-17, to STEM through summer, after school and weekend activities including robotics, radio controlled vehicle competitions, Lego league competitions, math tutoring, etc. They are based at National Christian Academy in Fort Washington, Maryland. For information visit their website at www.mwso.org or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
National Security Language Initiative for Youth (NSLI-Y) ~ This U.S. Department of State program offers merit-based scholarships for high school or gap-year students to study Arabic, Chinese, Hindi, Korean, Persian (Tajiki), Russian or Turkish. The NSLI-Y program immerses participants in the cultural life of the host country and provides formal and informal language practice. Visit www.nsliforyouth.org for more information.
New York University Pre-College ~ New York University offers a variety of summer programs for rising freshmen through seniors, ranging in length from one to seven weeks, depending on the chosen program. Some financial aid is available and some courses can be taken for college credit. For information visit their website at nyu.edu/highschool.
New York University School of Professional Studies ~ The NYUSPS High School Academy Career Edge Program offers one-week, professionally oriented intensive programs of study that allow students to explore career options and enrich their college portfolios. Sessions take place throughout July and feature study options ranging from cybersecurity to digital filmmaking to sabermetrics in baseball. For information visit sps.nyu.edu/hsacademycareeredge.
Oxbridge Academic Programs ~ Oxbridge offers a variety of summer study abroad programs for students in grades 8-12, including Oxford, Cambridge and St. Andrews in England, Barcelona and Salamanca in Spain, Paris and Montpellier in France, and New York City, UCLA and Harvard here in the United States. For information visit www.oxbridgeprograms.com.
Pratt Institute Pre-College Program ~ Pratt Institute will welcome 400 high school sophomores-seniors to their Brooklyn, New York campus from July 5-28 for an opportunity to experience life as an art and design college student. Most students, upon completion, will earn four elective college credits. For more information visit pratt.edu/precollege.
Stevens Institute of Technology ~ Stevens Pre-College programs allow high school students to participate in hands-on, project-based learning, learn from industry professionals, experience campus life just minutes from New York City, visit leading companies and gain applied experience in their field of interest. For information contact email@example.com.
St. John's College Summer Academy ~ St. John's College offers five weeklong sessions, three at their Santa Fe, New Mexico campus and two at their campus in Annapolis, Maryland campus. Students explore works by some of the greatest thinkers of Western culture and talk about their ideas in discussion-based classes. Students also participate in an eclectic array of workshops and off campus excursions. For information call 410-626-2529 or visit sjc.edu/summer-academy-2017.
Summer Discovery at Penn State ~ Summer Discovery is offering two summer sessions which combine academics, athletics and activities to give high school students the perfect introduction to college life. The 3-week session runs from June 25 to July 14 and costs $6,199 while the 2-week session takes place July 16-29 at a cost of $4,299. For information visit summerdiscovery.com/Penn-State.
Terp Young Scholars 2017 ~ The University of Maryland, College Park, invites rising 10th-12th graders to experience their Terp Young Scholars pre-college program. Students pursue their academic interests, investigate career opportunities and explore campus life while earning three university credits. Learn more at ysp.umd.edu.
Washington University in St. Louis Summer Experiences ~ Washington University in St. Louis offers two summer experiences for high school students. Their Summer Scholars program allows participants to enroll in courses and study alongside undergraduates. Their Summer Institutes are non-credit programs that allow students to explore a specialized interest, career or major. The application deadline is April 1. For information visit their website at summerexperiences.wustl.edu.
W.E.B. DuBois Scholars Institute at Princeton University ~ Founded in 1988, the W.E.B. DuBois Scholars Institute offers scholarship, leadership, community service and entrepreneur training, along with exposure to science and technology, for high achieving youth. The program's rigorous instruction in university-level courses is taught by university professors, post-doctoral fellows and doctoral candidates. The Institute will take place June 24 to July 29 and scholarships are available. For information visit duboisscholars.org. The application deadline for scholarship consideration is February 10; the regular deadline is February 24.
Young Global Scholars ~ Participants in Yale University's Young Global Scholars Program for Outstanding High School Students can expect an amazing summer experience studying in beautiful campus lecture halls and classrooms, living in Yale’s historic residential colleges, eating in award-winning dining halls, meeting a talented community of fellow students, engaging with world-renowned professors, and interacting with extraordinary visiting practitioners. The application deadline is January 31, 2017. For information about the program visit http://globalscholars.yale.edu/
Please check back for opportunities.